Score
Title
40151
Iowa Children's Hospital
14150
In Tropic Thunder, Robert Downey Jr's character states, "I don't drop character till I done a DVD commentary." During the commentary for the movie, he remains in character.
18463
When you're in love but a wall is in the way
17921
Dude decides to randomly shatter a store's glass front
6319
[Poetry] Morty reacts to the Rick and Morty fanbase
9371
TIL Jack Daniels employees get a free bottle of Jack on the first payday of each month.
18605
This greeting card imagery that makes zero sense
11141
Aziz is smooth
21880
"Clean me like one of your french rugs"
16620
The best way to eat flamin' hots without getting your fingers red
4434
I liked this.
11901
Incredible Fan-Made Infinity War poster
5080
I'm Tricia Helfer, actor, podcaster and Cylon. AMA!
28764
Age Distribution for the 10 Largest Countries [OC]
6731
[No Spoilers] A baby Lion Turtle in the wild
21867
MRW I'm still paying my student loan and my wife says, "I wanna start a family".
18738
This perfectly timed picture of a wave
14329
This London apartment features a suspended bed beneath a retractable skylight to maximize space. [1667 × 2500]
19045
hmmm
37345
When your flat mate goes back to his room for a wank but forgets to disconnect his phone from your speaker
35354
Erdogan says young Turks who study in West return as 'spies' - but his own children studied in US
7628
Hologram on a Star Wars record
7955
The "Pan Galactic Gargle Blaster"
13652
Nova Scotia government to make abortion pill available for free at pharmacies
62763
PsBattle: This cat with a skull on his chest
2687
I recreated Lake Moraine in Minecraft after seeing it on /r/EarthPorn one too many times. Zoom in to see the blocks
6548
squirrel...pencil holder?
9838
Useful trick if you have no room left on the countertop while cooking
15156
Electric mining truck generates more electricity than it uses, due to more load going downhill.
6724
Guess who doesn't like being scared.
23197
This "logic"
14245
My dad and his firebird in the 80s.
8311
WeChat confirms that it makes all private user data available to the Chinese government
8123
Should’ve taken the blue pill
13471
"This is not a DOG!"
16834
My anti-vax 6 year old TOTALLY did this all by herself!!
28515
Why do you people do this to me?
3798
Have Dwane "The Rock" Johnson prepare different meals behind a curtain then have the audience or guest stars guess what he made solely by smell. Can you smell what the rock is Cooking?
5425
What is the science behind waking up literal seconds before our alarm goes off? Even if it's set for different times for different days.
4157
Get off the street!
4653 remphos Good old fungi! I knew you guys could do it! I wonder if we can isolate the genes responsible for these enzymes and maybe put them into other fungi, if that wouldn't cause other problems somehow.
476 mvea Journal reference: Khan, S., et al., Biodegradation of polyester polyurethane by Aspergillus tubingensis, Environmental Pollution (2017), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.03.012 Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749117300295?via%3Dihub Highlights • Aspergillus tubingensis was isolated, identified, and found to degrade polyurethane (PU). • The SEM and ATR-FTIR results clearly showed the degradation on the surface of PU. • Esterase and lipase activities were determined in the presence of different supplements to medium. • This is the first report showing A. tubingensis capable of degrading PU. Abstract > The xenobiotic nature and lack of degradability of polymeric materials has resulted in vast levels of environmental pollution and numerous health hazards. Different strategies have been developed and still more research is being in progress to reduce the impact of these polymeric materials. This work aimed to isolate and characterize polyester polyurethane (PU) degrading fungi from the soil of a general city waste disposal site in Islamabad, Pakistan. A novel PU degrading fungus was isolated from soil and identified as Aspergillus tubingensis on the basis of colony morphology, macro- and micro-morphology, molecular and phylogenetic analyses. The PU degrading ability of the fungus was tested in three different ways in the presence of 2% glucose: (a) on SDA agar plate, (b) in liquid MSM, and (c) after burial in soil. Our results indicated that this strain of A. tubingensis was capable of degrading PU. Using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), we were able to visually confirm that the mycelium of A. tubingensis colonized the PU material, causing surface degradation and scarring. The formation or breakage of chemical bonds during the biodegradation process of PU was confirmed using Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The biodegradation of PU was higher when plate culture method was employed, followed by the liquid culture method and soil burial technique. Notably, after two months in liquid medium, the PU film was totally degraded into smaller pieces. Based on a comprehensive literature search, it can be stated that this is the first report showing A. tubingensis capable of degrading PU. This work provides insight into the role of A. tubingensis towards solving the dilemma of PU wastes through biodegradation.
660 BRMC888 Can the fungus be bred and used on a mass scale to break down plastics or is this not feasible? Also is the broken down plastic perfectly safe or does it still present problems?
254 7LeagueBoots Every few years another species of bacteria or fungus is found that breaks down plastics. Bacteria: - *Ideonella sakainesis* eats PET plastics 2016 http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6278/1154 - *Flavobacterium* has been known to degrade nylon since 1975 1975 https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/bbb1961/39/6/39_6_1219/_article 2007 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17512009 - unspecified marine microbes 2011 http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110328/full/news.2011.191.html - *Enterobacter asburiae* and a *Bacillus sp.* taken from waxworm guts break down polyethylene 2014 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es504038a - unspecified soil bacteria from the Frasier river area break down phthalates which are used in making some plastics - Ted talk 2012 https://www.ted.com/talks/two_young_scientists_break_down_plastics_with_bacteria/transcript?language=en - *Pseudomonas spp* break down LDPE - paper from 2012, but known from at least 2008 2012 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3460136/ - *Phanerochaete chrysosporium*, *Pseudomonas putida*, and *Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus* degrade HDPE 2013 http://jes2s.com/Broshkevitch_et_al.html Fungus: - *Pestalotiopsis microspora* and *Schizophyllum commune* break down PUR plastics and are edible 2011 http://aem.asm.org/content/77/17/6076.full - *Pleurotus ostreatus* breaks down oxo-biodegradable (D2W) plastic *without* pre-treatment 2014 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0069386 There are a bunch more cases, but I think those references are enough to make the point that this is not a unique discovery. I very much hope some of these wind up being able to be used to break down plastics in an industrial capacity, but so far that has eluded us.
321 TheAtomicOption if you have enough of a substrate laying around, eventually something's going to evolve a way to eat it.
662 Sciencetist Do these scientists keep losing it, or something? They seem to "find" this stuff again once every 6 months
38 itsfiguratively It's a shame this stuff also devastates beehives. Solving one problem by creating another.