Score
Title
19518
Guy orders bong. Package arrives and its an Xbox remote.
62352
I work on the 10th floor of an office tower. I have a friend who stops by daily.
32625
He’s onto us!!
17986
Star Size Comparison
25509
In Shaun of the Dead, the films key events are laid out by Ed before the zombies rise
6962
Bruh
33032
Trump administration bars Haitians from U.S. visas for low-skilled work
32468
Why can't you just be normal?
27702
Let me sit down with no view of where I'm going and use my phone while operating a boat, WCGW?
51717
TIL Carrie Fisher revealed in her memoir, Wishful Drinking, that she once had a romantic relationship with U.S. Senator Chris Dodd. When Dodd was asked for a comment by a reporter he explained that "it was a long, long time ago in a galaxy far, far away."
32768
Boater was probably texting
12248
YOU DON'T CALL ME...
20032
Allow me to show you the dance of my people
39201
Northern lights in iceland.
3957
this makes me want to snort 24 bags of crack
8612
[homemade] chicken tenders
7375
Aww-wait, AWWW.
6486
Hope you use reddit
5254
Sick doggo.
13206
Ugandan Ben
15006
2018 the year of the cardboard box
95241
My attempt at a banana for scale picture of my mini dachshund Rusty. It seems like he had other plans
17757
Amazon won't say if it hands your Echo data to the government - The retail, cloud, and device giant stands as the least transparent of transparent tech companies.
10194
Bath tub: 1 | Curious cat: 0
3969
This took me 5 hours to edit, hope you enjoy
5142
YSK - The Equifax breach impacts YOU whether your identity was stolen or not. It is safer to assume you ARE compromised and impacted by the breach.
25125
When I ask my friend with Parkinson's how big the fish he caught was
4354
[Cosplay] The Dood
5482
Today, a protesting red hatter tried to explain this hypocrisy to me
40196
First Look at Nintendo Labo
3567
My girl finished chemo today
6395
Now all of my friends are worried about my mental health. Thanks!
10600
Mike D Says Beastie Boys Memoir Is Coming Out This Year
22416
My favorite shot from the prequels
3716
hmmm
58599
Pornhub traffic in Hawaii during the "missile alert"
2873
?This Japanese art form used to paint dragons is very satisfying?
10937
Watch "First Look at Nintendo Labo" on YouTube
5354
Elise Trouw -- Foo Fighters / Bobby Caldwell Mashup [Jazz / Funk / Indie]
9786
[IMAGE] Inked my favorite einstein quote using my typewriter
4671 remphos Good old fungi! I knew you guys could do it! I wonder if we can isolate the genes responsible for these enzymes and maybe put them into other fungi, if that wouldn't cause other problems somehow.
473 mvea Journal reference: Khan, S., et al., Biodegradation of polyester polyurethane by Aspergillus tubingensis, Environmental Pollution (2017), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.03.012 Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749117300295?via%3Dihub Highlights • Aspergillus tubingensis was isolated, identified, and found to degrade polyurethane (PU). • The SEM and ATR-FTIR results clearly showed the degradation on the surface of PU. • Esterase and lipase activities were determined in the presence of different supplements to medium. • This is the first report showing A. tubingensis capable of degrading PU. Abstract > The xenobiotic nature and lack of degradability of polymeric materials has resulted in vast levels of environmental pollution and numerous health hazards. Different strategies have been developed and still more research is being in progress to reduce the impact of these polymeric materials. This work aimed to isolate and characterize polyester polyurethane (PU) degrading fungi from the soil of a general city waste disposal site in Islamabad, Pakistan. A novel PU degrading fungus was isolated from soil and identified as Aspergillus tubingensis on the basis of colony morphology, macro- and micro-morphology, molecular and phylogenetic analyses. The PU degrading ability of the fungus was tested in three different ways in the presence of 2% glucose: (a) on SDA agar plate, (b) in liquid MSM, and (c) after burial in soil. Our results indicated that this strain of A. tubingensis was capable of degrading PU. Using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), we were able to visually confirm that the mycelium of A. tubingensis colonized the PU material, causing surface degradation and scarring. The formation or breakage of chemical bonds during the biodegradation process of PU was confirmed using Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The biodegradation of PU was higher when plate culture method was employed, followed by the liquid culture method and soil burial technique. Notably, after two months in liquid medium, the PU film was totally degraded into smaller pieces. Based on a comprehensive literature search, it can be stated that this is the first report showing A. tubingensis capable of degrading PU. This work provides insight into the role of A. tubingensis towards solving the dilemma of PU wastes through biodegradation.
664 BRMC888 Can the fungus be bred and used on a mass scale to break down plastics or is this not feasible? Also is the broken down plastic perfectly safe or does it still present problems?
256 7LeagueBoots Every few years another species of bacteria or fungus is found that breaks down plastics. Bacteria: - *Ideonella sakainesis* eats PET plastics 2016 http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6278/1154 - *Flavobacterium* has been known to degrade nylon since 1975 1975 https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/bbb1961/39/6/39_6_1219/_article 2007 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17512009 - unspecified marine microbes 2011 http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110328/full/news.2011.191.html - *Enterobacter asburiae* and a *Bacillus sp.* taken from waxworm guts break down polyethylene 2014 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es504038a - unspecified soil bacteria from the Frasier river area break down phthalates which are used in making some plastics - Ted talk 2012 https://www.ted.com/talks/two_young_scientists_break_down_plastics_with_bacteria/transcript?language=en - *Pseudomonas spp* break down LDPE - paper from 2012, but known from at least 2008 2012 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3460136/ - *Phanerochaete chrysosporium*, *Pseudomonas putida*, and *Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus* degrade HDPE 2013 http://jes2s.com/Broshkevitch_et_al.html Fungus: - *Pestalotiopsis microspora* and *Schizophyllum commune* break down PUR plastics and are edible 2011 http://aem.asm.org/content/77/17/6076.full - *Pleurotus ostreatus* breaks down oxo-biodegradable (D2W) plastic *without* pre-treatment 2014 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0069386 There are a bunch more cases, but I think those references are enough to make the point that this is not a unique discovery. I very much hope some of these wind up being able to be used to break down plastics in an industrial capacity, but so far that has eluded us.
321 TheAtomicOption if you have enough of a substrate laying around, eventually something's going to evolve a way to eat it.
665 Sciencetist Do these scientists keep losing it, or something? They seem to "find" this stuff again once every 6 months
38 itsfiguratively It's a shame this stuff also devastates beehives. Solving one problem by creating another.