Score
Title
33053
Mexico's president called off a White House visit after Trump refused to say publicly that Mexico won't pay for the border wall
15838
I made woodburned paintings of all my childhood movie heroes
30034
Two lines can make anything seem 3D.
22950
The weight room at my gym is in an old ballroom.
63195
This is Humphrey, our foster boy who failed his sheepdog training because he just wanted to be friends with the sheep.
52138
I photographed myself looking at the Milky Way just before sunrise over the Atlantic Ocean.
18983
Simpsons called it
15670
Theres no getting up from this one
32253
Mark Hamill shuts down clickbait.
32708
Say goodnight to net neutrality as AT&T just rolled out 'internet fast lanes'
51353
TIL Dr. Gay Hitler, son of George Washington Hitler, was a well-respected dentist living in Circleville, Ohio. Because Adolf Hitler misspelled his grandfather's surname "Hiedler", the Hitlers of Ohio are likely the only true Hitlers
44625
Seen in a toy store in Austin, TX
20030
Inside an ice cave near Mendenhall Glacier, Juneau, AK. (1436 x 1125)[OC]
11415
Like a blossoming flower
8515
Peanuts start growing above ground, then grow down into the ground.
20259
Best workplace notice I’ve ever seen!
11878
Literally just a picture of Ewan McGregor made out of pictures of Ewan McGregor.
15916
K.
62623
I make teeny tiny paper characters. Enjoy the latest one.
56310
Tree's shadow
8471
From ‘barely surviving’ to thriving: Ontario basic income recipients report less stress, better health. The three-year pilot project, which began last summer, is testing whether no-strings-attached cash support can boost health, education and housing for people living in poverty.
4429
Does this count?
5192
EnRaGed FoR BeInG DiSTuRbED, OtTeR AtTaCkS!
5263
sketched
13117
Potassium Mirror
15054
Allen
8010
Skipping rope blindfolded.
14864
hmmm
3489
Teachers in 2018 about be like
15358
HMB while I cross this river
19194
Anticlimatic dabbing kickoff bot
3201
Xpost from r/gifs.
6305
Saw a green Roadster today ??
6629
Two cozy places within one in Paris.
25641
Double guardian parry [Zelda: BotW]
6829
A Tennis tournament using shelter dogs as the ball boys.
39697
me_irl
8119
At the 30 min mark of Mel Brooks' Spaceballs (1987), After Spaceball 1 leaves ludicrous speed, Dark Helmet tells the crew to take a 5 min break, Dark Helmet and crew aren't seen again until the 35 minute mark. 5 minutes later.
11101
Instead of age-restrictive websites asking to click a box to verify your age, what other questions could they ask that surely only adults would know?
27049
Metal Gear Dies (videogamedunkey)
4666 remphos Good old fungi! I knew you guys could do it! I wonder if we can isolate the genes responsible for these enzymes and maybe put them into other fungi, if that wouldn't cause other problems somehow.
472 mvea Journal reference: Khan, S., et al., Biodegradation of polyester polyurethane by Aspergillus tubingensis, Environmental Pollution (2017), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.03.012 Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749117300295?via%3Dihub Highlights • Aspergillus tubingensis was isolated, identified, and found to degrade polyurethane (PU). • The SEM and ATR-FTIR results clearly showed the degradation on the surface of PU. • Esterase and lipase activities were determined in the presence of different supplements to medium. • This is the first report showing A. tubingensis capable of degrading PU. Abstract > The xenobiotic nature and lack of degradability of polymeric materials has resulted in vast levels of environmental pollution and numerous health hazards. Different strategies have been developed and still more research is being in progress to reduce the impact of these polymeric materials. This work aimed to isolate and characterize polyester polyurethane (PU) degrading fungi from the soil of a general city waste disposal site in Islamabad, Pakistan. A novel PU degrading fungus was isolated from soil and identified as Aspergillus tubingensis on the basis of colony morphology, macro- and micro-morphology, molecular and phylogenetic analyses. The PU degrading ability of the fungus was tested in three different ways in the presence of 2% glucose: (a) on SDA agar plate, (b) in liquid MSM, and (c) after burial in soil. Our results indicated that this strain of A. tubingensis was capable of degrading PU. Using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), we were able to visually confirm that the mycelium of A. tubingensis colonized the PU material, causing surface degradation and scarring. The formation or breakage of chemical bonds during the biodegradation process of PU was confirmed using Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The biodegradation of PU was higher when plate culture method was employed, followed by the liquid culture method and soil burial technique. Notably, after two months in liquid medium, the PU film was totally degraded into smaller pieces. Based on a comprehensive literature search, it can be stated that this is the first report showing A. tubingensis capable of degrading PU. This work provides insight into the role of A. tubingensis towards solving the dilemma of PU wastes through biodegradation.
661 BRMC888 Can the fungus be bred and used on a mass scale to break down plastics or is this not feasible? Also is the broken down plastic perfectly safe or does it still present problems?
258 7LeagueBoots Every few years another species of bacteria or fungus is found that breaks down plastics. Bacteria: - *Ideonella sakainesis* eats PET plastics 2016 http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6278/1154 - *Flavobacterium* has been known to degrade nylon since 1975 1975 https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/bbb1961/39/6/39_6_1219/_article 2007 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17512009 - unspecified marine microbes 2011 http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110328/full/news.2011.191.html - *Enterobacter asburiae* and a *Bacillus sp.* taken from waxworm guts break down polyethylene 2014 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es504038a - unspecified soil bacteria from the Frasier river area break down phthalates which are used in making some plastics - Ted talk 2012 https://www.ted.com/talks/two_young_scientists_break_down_plastics_with_bacteria/transcript?language=en - *Pseudomonas spp* break down LDPE - paper from 2012, but known from at least 2008 2012 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3460136/ - *Phanerochaete chrysosporium*, *Pseudomonas putida*, and *Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus* degrade HDPE 2013 http://jes2s.com/Broshkevitch_et_al.html Fungus: - *Pestalotiopsis microspora* and *Schizophyllum commune* break down PUR plastics and are edible 2011 http://aem.asm.org/content/77/17/6076.full - *Pleurotus ostreatus* breaks down oxo-biodegradable (D2W) plastic *without* pre-treatment 2014 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0069386 There are a bunch more cases, but I think those references are enough to make the point that this is not a unique discovery. I very much hope some of these wind up being able to be used to break down plastics in an industrial capacity, but so far that has eluded us.
323 TheAtomicOption if you have enough of a substrate laying around, eventually something's going to evolve a way to eat it.
659 Sciencetist Do these scientists keep losing it, or something? They seem to "find" this stuff again once every 6 months
38 itsfiguratively It's a shame this stuff also devastates beehives. Solving one problem by creating another.