Score
Title
18697
An actual photo of Theodore Roosevelt and John Muir at Yosemite, 1903
8796
Unarmed man murdered by 4 killers
17603
Spoon of liquid nitrogen in a bowl of gasoline
50980
[Image] Found a note from 2 months ago, made a few updates
46435
Wholesome moment at the Olympics
67492
My college doesn't want us to make popcorn in their shitty microwaves
23158
A homophobic video urging Russians to re-elect President Vladimir Putin has gone viral less than a month before the country's election. The video tells voters that if Putin's rivals win they will take Russia into a "nightmare" future in which they are forced to co-habitate with gay men.
7665
Cashier pops her tit out as a power move while berating a customer
8675
Conservatory room addition in the UK [1040x1485]
9167
There seems to be a problem with my door
41603
Notice Me
29638
Wholesome figure skating moment by Yuzuru Hanyu
21528
Always hated that ??
5842
I can pinpoint the exact moment I started puberty to the first time I saw this scene on Xena: Warrior Princess
9110
T_D attacks Parkland survivors for being photographed smiling, posts personal info of child's father: "Bunch of pieces of shit" - "A minority, an androgynous zhe, a female, and a self-hating white male. Perfect little SJW A-Team" - "FUCK YOU KIDS" - " These kids are fucking disgusting" - "lib cunts"
77238
The Rock's stunt double is also his real-life cousin (Tanoai Reed)
104108
TIL when the Nazis burned Sigmund Freud's books he said, "What progress we are making. In the Middle Ages they would have burned me. Now, they are content with burning my books."
21457
Tallahassee-area schools to excuse absences for students protesting at state Capitol
10753
Sailing Takes Me Away
44689
It’s the truth...
18847
Madlad orders insane amount of soda, employee chucks it in the oven!
7372
the best kind of birth control
16777
This guy is impressive.
5492
after years of being in love and obsessed with corgis... I finally got my very own.
18497
Leaked footage of Ewan McGregor training for the new movie
4563
[Homemade] Strawberry poptarts
4776
This girl's account is a gold mine for stuff like this.
16594
Total WORDS spoken by each main character of The Office [OC]
3443
“Frozen”
17682
Whistleblowers often suffer from severe psychological problems. About 80% report very negative effects on work and wages, and almost 50% very negative effects on family life. About 45% suffer from clinical levels of mental health problems such as anxiety and/or depressive symptoms.
28544
Joel McHale says E! told him to lay off the Kardashians while hosting 'The Soup'
8992
I know Fergie probably isn't a Redditor, but just in case she sees this:
7059
These olympic uniforms. Just why?
10954
Greetings from Mordor
37759
Wrong number
7261
Hole In One Taps!!
2784
When they write three paragraphs of Hillary and Obama theories, but can’t explain why the President appointed a Russian agent as National Security Advisor after being warned by FBI.
2006
Today's date, 2-20-2018, looks like it's stuttering.
29197
Hockey skills with a hug
2437
Rip. Credit: Kylo|Ifunny
4671 remphos Good old fungi! I knew you guys could do it! I wonder if we can isolate the genes responsible for these enzymes and maybe put them into other fungi, if that wouldn't cause other problems somehow.
470 mvea Journal reference: Khan, S., et al., Biodegradation of polyester polyurethane by Aspergillus tubingensis, Environmental Pollution (2017), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.03.012 Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749117300295?via%3Dihub Highlights • Aspergillus tubingensis was isolated, identified, and found to degrade polyurethane (PU). • The SEM and ATR-FTIR results clearly showed the degradation on the surface of PU. • Esterase and lipase activities were determined in the presence of different supplements to medium. • This is the first report showing A. tubingensis capable of degrading PU. Abstract > The xenobiotic nature and lack of degradability of polymeric materials has resulted in vast levels of environmental pollution and numerous health hazards. Different strategies have been developed and still more research is being in progress to reduce the impact of these polymeric materials. This work aimed to isolate and characterize polyester polyurethane (PU) degrading fungi from the soil of a general city waste disposal site in Islamabad, Pakistan. A novel PU degrading fungus was isolated from soil and identified as Aspergillus tubingensis on the basis of colony morphology, macro- and micro-morphology, molecular and phylogenetic analyses. The PU degrading ability of the fungus was tested in three different ways in the presence of 2% glucose: (a) on SDA agar plate, (b) in liquid MSM, and (c) after burial in soil. Our results indicated that this strain of A. tubingensis was capable of degrading PU. Using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), we were able to visually confirm that the mycelium of A. tubingensis colonized the PU material, causing surface degradation and scarring. The formation or breakage of chemical bonds during the biodegradation process of PU was confirmed using Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The biodegradation of PU was higher when plate culture method was employed, followed by the liquid culture method and soil burial technique. Notably, after two months in liquid medium, the PU film was totally degraded into smaller pieces. Based on a comprehensive literature search, it can be stated that this is the first report showing A. tubingensis capable of degrading PU. This work provides insight into the role of A. tubingensis towards solving the dilemma of PU wastes through biodegradation.
661 BRMC888 Can the fungus be bred and used on a mass scale to break down plastics or is this not feasible? Also is the broken down plastic perfectly safe or does it still present problems?
255 7LeagueBoots Every few years another species of bacteria or fungus is found that breaks down plastics. Bacteria: - *Ideonella sakainesis* eats PET plastics 2016 http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6278/1154 - *Flavobacterium* has been known to degrade nylon since 1975 1975 https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/bbb1961/39/6/39_6_1219/_article 2007 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17512009 - unspecified marine microbes 2011 http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110328/full/news.2011.191.html - *Enterobacter asburiae* and a *Bacillus sp.* taken from waxworm guts break down polyethylene 2014 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es504038a - unspecified soil bacteria from the Frasier river area break down phthalates which are used in making some plastics - Ted talk 2012 https://www.ted.com/talks/two_young_scientists_break_down_plastics_with_bacteria/transcript?language=en - *Pseudomonas spp* break down LDPE - paper from 2012, but known from at least 2008 2012 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3460136/ - *Phanerochaete chrysosporium*, *Pseudomonas putida*, and *Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus* degrade HDPE 2013 http://jes2s.com/Broshkevitch_et_al.html Fungus: - *Pestalotiopsis microspora* and *Schizophyllum commune* break down PUR plastics and are edible 2011 http://aem.asm.org/content/77/17/6076.full - *Pleurotus ostreatus* breaks down oxo-biodegradable (D2W) plastic *without* pre-treatment 2014 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0069386 There are a bunch more cases, but I think those references are enough to make the point that this is not a unique discovery. I very much hope some of these wind up being able to be used to break down plastics in an industrial capacity, but so far that has eluded us.
320 TheAtomicOption if you have enough of a substrate laying around, eventually something's going to evolve a way to eat it.
660 Sciencetist Do these scientists keep losing it, or something? They seem to "find" this stuff again once every 6 months
39 itsfiguratively It's a shame this stuff also devastates beehives. Solving one problem by creating another.