Score
Title
42512
Rick Astley - Never Gonna Give You Up, but only the bartender
17851
US bombers fly close to North Korea to show "president has many military options to defeat any threat" - Pentagon
8433
Alligator lizard fighting back from inside the belly of a King snake
3847
?????? /r/NatureIsFuckingLit just hit 600,000 subs! Let's raise $6,000 for the Animal Welfare Institute, the top charity the community voted to support! Info on how to donate in comments.
38350
Girl smashes a beer on her face, then drains it
20900
Tuck me in so I can sleep
21505
UN solution for a pollution free planet: polluters should pick up the bill. “The profit of destroying nature or polluting the planet is nearly always privatized, while the costs of polluting the planet or the cost of destroying ecosystems is nearly always socialized,”
15720
leaving your door unlocked at a safari park
8758
Cyclist gets tossed into river after pushing down another rider in a race
21235
A shattered window
31800
wholesome pubg
12013
Now That’s trigonometry
13255
LeBron a savage for this one!
119389
Every year my whole town is closed to traffic because everybody has dinner on the streets, around 12000 people. This is just my street.
14595
PsBattle: A tit and showing off it's prey
8876
hmmm
26031
LeBron James responds to Donald Trump rescinding Stephen Curry's invitation to the White House
15674
Tripped up but self-saved.
11694
The first texts my Grandma ever sent.
37401
Layers on layers seen hiking around Mt Rainier (OC) [1600x2000]
62700
If it works... it works, don't argue with logic
13210
ITAP of sunset during fall equinox. Known here as Chicagohenge.
7151
Cleaning up Space Trash.
67649
TIL Scientists put slime mold onto a model of a map of Tokyo, with food representing urban centers. After a day, it created a network almost identical to Tokyo’s actual rail network. Human designers created that network to be as efficient as possible; slime mold did the same, but without a brain
19507
Camera work level - Expert
11421
That good succ
12207
This is made with yarn
8681
I'm ready for next Season Jaime
16155
Chris Pratt on losing weight for 'Guardians of the Galaxy'.
11256
Dab on the sinners
87955
Security at every level of an airport is absolutely ridiculous. Until you get to the baggage claim. Then it’s just like take whatever bag you want.
17471
When your whole life flashes before your eyes
11441
My nightmare is back, why Nintendo :(
13175
Oh boy
22064
Didn't spill a drop
6516
How to draw a tree
25272
Largest study on physical activity involving 130,000 people in 17 countries showed that household chores such as vacuuming, or walking to work, provided enough exercise to protect the heart and extend life, with 30 minutes of physical activity five days a week reducing the risk of death by 28%.
2166
[Postgame Thread] NC State Defeats Florida State 27-21
2725
My friend met Elijah Wood at comic con
17767
Raw, Sergio Garcia, Resin Sculpture, 2016
4654 remphos Good old fungi! I knew you guys could do it! I wonder if we can isolate the genes responsible for these enzymes and maybe put them into other fungi, if that wouldn't cause other problems somehow.
471 mvea Journal reference: Khan, S., et al., Biodegradation of polyester polyurethane by Aspergillus tubingensis, Environmental Pollution (2017), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.03.012 Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749117300295?via%3Dihub Highlights • Aspergillus tubingensis was isolated, identified, and found to degrade polyurethane (PU). • The SEM and ATR-FTIR results clearly showed the degradation on the surface of PU. • Esterase and lipase activities were determined in the presence of different supplements to medium. • This is the first report showing A. tubingensis capable of degrading PU. Abstract > The xenobiotic nature and lack of degradability of polymeric materials has resulted in vast levels of environmental pollution and numerous health hazards. Different strategies have been developed and still more research is being in progress to reduce the impact of these polymeric materials. This work aimed to isolate and characterize polyester polyurethane (PU) degrading fungi from the soil of a general city waste disposal site in Islamabad, Pakistan. A novel PU degrading fungus was isolated from soil and identified as Aspergillus tubingensis on the basis of colony morphology, macro- and micro-morphology, molecular and phylogenetic analyses. The PU degrading ability of the fungus was tested in three different ways in the presence of 2% glucose: (a) on SDA agar plate, (b) in liquid MSM, and (c) after burial in soil. Our results indicated that this strain of A. tubingensis was capable of degrading PU. Using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), we were able to visually confirm that the mycelium of A. tubingensis colonized the PU material, causing surface degradation and scarring. The formation or breakage of chemical bonds during the biodegradation process of PU was confirmed using Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The biodegradation of PU was higher when plate culture method was employed, followed by the liquid culture method and soil burial technique. Notably, after two months in liquid medium, the PU film was totally degraded into smaller pieces. Based on a comprehensive literature search, it can be stated that this is the first report showing A. tubingensis capable of degrading PU. This work provides insight into the role of A. tubingensis towards solving the dilemma of PU wastes through biodegradation.
662 BRMC888 Can the fungus be bred and used on a mass scale to break down plastics or is this not feasible? Also is the broken down plastic perfectly safe or does it still present problems?
257 7LeagueBoots Every few years another species of bacteria or fungus is found that breaks down plastics. Bacteria: - *Ideonella sakainesis* eats PET plastics 2016 http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6278/1154 - *Flavobacterium* has been known to degrade nylon since 1975 1975 https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/bbb1961/39/6/39_6_1219/_article 2007 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17512009 - unspecified marine microbes 2011 http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110328/full/news.2011.191.html - *Enterobacter asburiae* and a *Bacillus sp.* taken from waxworm guts break down polyethylene 2014 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es504038a - unspecified soil bacteria from the Frasier river area break down phthalates which are used in making some plastics - Ted talk 2012 https://www.ted.com/talks/two_young_scientists_break_down_plastics_with_bacteria/transcript?language=en - *Pseudomonas spp* break down LDPE - paper from 2012, but known from at least 2008 2012 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3460136/ - *Phanerochaete chrysosporium*, *Pseudomonas putida*, and *Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus* degrade HDPE 2013 http://jes2s.com/Broshkevitch_et_al.html Fungus: - *Pestalotiopsis microspora* and *Schizophyllum commune* break down PUR plastics and are edible 2011 http://aem.asm.org/content/77/17/6076.full - *Pleurotus ostreatus* breaks down oxo-biodegradable (D2W) plastic *without* pre-treatment 2014 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0069386 There are a bunch more cases, but I think those references are enough to make the point that this is not a unique discovery. I very much hope some of these wind up being able to be used to break down plastics in an industrial capacity, but so far that has eluded us.
323 TheAtomicOption if you have enough of a substrate laying around, eventually something's going to evolve a way to eat it.
665 Sciencetist Do these scientists keep losing it, or something? They seem to "find" this stuff again once every 6 months
38 itsfiguratively It's a shame this stuff also devastates beehives. Solving one problem by creating another.