Score
Title
8745
How I Wrote My Master's Thesis [OC]
19222
More than a Million Pro-Repeal Net Neutrality Comments were Likely Faked
7757
This man outside the Verizon store in lower Manhattan
13830
This typo for N in my nephew’s alphabet board book. The editor had only 26 words to review... and somehow this was missed.
33443
Pathetic
10433
My dad sneaks out of the house every year at the same time for my parents’ first date anniversary. He puts on his old high school letter jacket, rings the doorbell, and asks, “Is Kris home?” only to ask her if she’ll go out with him, reenacting that first moment 44 years ago.
11385
Updated Libertarians.jpg
10366
[Homemade] Loaves of bread
8691
hullo there
29783
He knows he's about to get told off..
10015
Battle of Wallmart
46908
This is one man in a costume
7826
"Don't be mad"
5684
He may not be furry, but he's still pretty cute and his name is Walter
42159
TIL that the line in Thor: Ragnarok ("We know each other! He's a friend from work!") was actually suggested by a young Make-a-Wish visitor to the movie’s set.
11364
States with a smaller population than Los Angeles County [960 x 606]
7671
Reddit shill explains how they're paid to manipulate online discussion
10029
Delightful little cafe garden
7000
Is something there?
17947
Affidavit: Colorado Springs pastor impregnated 14-year-old girl, she had his child
4789
Erlich you will be missed
36748
First Republican lawmaker to publicly oppose the FCC’s radical net neutrality repeal
12929
What’s the best rant by a character in a movie?
10468
hmmm
11584
In Speed, Howard Payne, played by Dennis Hopper, always uses the phone by holding it to his left ear with his right hand. This is very probably due to hearing loss in his right ear caused by the same accident that cost him his left thumb.
6038
This is the official Justice League promotional Batman action figure sent to theatres to give to customers.
29369
Johnny Cash smoking a cigarette before performing at Folsom Prison. 1968.
9158
"Cat? What cat? I haven't seen any cat ??"
11354
Good Guy steam
6402
TIFU by going Black Friday shopping
6282
The Jedi Who Knew Too Much by Eli Hyder
4236
Back in 2011 when I thought wearing the 3D glasses without the lenses was the cool thing to do
33134
Tommy Wiseau submitted ‘The Room’ to Paramount with the hope of getting it distributed. Usually it takes a studio roughly two weeks to reply, but the film was rejected within 24 hours.
8921
Programmable Bike Lights
15590
Oh it’s beautiful
6187
Let them out, let’s play!
70426
Trump’s name appears in Panama Papers for the first time
20249
Spider drinks graphene, spins web that can hold the weight of a human
2348
You know how we could save a lot of water? Automatic flush toilets that don't unnecessarily flush three times during one use.
5441
The infamous “Riffle Fan”
4663 remphos Good old fungi! I knew you guys could do it! I wonder if we can isolate the genes responsible for these enzymes and maybe put them into other fungi, if that wouldn't cause other problems somehow.
477 mvea Journal reference: Khan, S., et al., Biodegradation of polyester polyurethane by Aspergillus tubingensis, Environmental Pollution (2017), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.03.012 Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749117300295?via%3Dihub Highlights • Aspergillus tubingensis was isolated, identified, and found to degrade polyurethane (PU). • The SEM and ATR-FTIR results clearly showed the degradation on the surface of PU. • Esterase and lipase activities were determined in the presence of different supplements to medium. • This is the first report showing A. tubingensis capable of degrading PU. Abstract > The xenobiotic nature and lack of degradability of polymeric materials has resulted in vast levels of environmental pollution and numerous health hazards. Different strategies have been developed and still more research is being in progress to reduce the impact of these polymeric materials. This work aimed to isolate and characterize polyester polyurethane (PU) degrading fungi from the soil of a general city waste disposal site in Islamabad, Pakistan. A novel PU degrading fungus was isolated from soil and identified as Aspergillus tubingensis on the basis of colony morphology, macro- and micro-morphology, molecular and phylogenetic analyses. The PU degrading ability of the fungus was tested in three different ways in the presence of 2% glucose: (a) on SDA agar plate, (b) in liquid MSM, and (c) after burial in soil. Our results indicated that this strain of A. tubingensis was capable of degrading PU. Using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), we were able to visually confirm that the mycelium of A. tubingensis colonized the PU material, causing surface degradation and scarring. The formation or breakage of chemical bonds during the biodegradation process of PU was confirmed using Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The biodegradation of PU was higher when plate culture method was employed, followed by the liquid culture method and soil burial technique. Notably, after two months in liquid medium, the PU film was totally degraded into smaller pieces. Based on a comprehensive literature search, it can be stated that this is the first report showing A. tubingensis capable of degrading PU. This work provides insight into the role of A. tubingensis towards solving the dilemma of PU wastes through biodegradation.
660 BRMC888 Can the fungus be bred and used on a mass scale to break down plastics or is this not feasible? Also is the broken down plastic perfectly safe or does it still present problems?
257 7LeagueBoots Every few years another species of bacteria or fungus is found that breaks down plastics. Bacteria: - *Ideonella sakainesis* eats PET plastics 2016 http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6278/1154 - *Flavobacterium* has been known to degrade nylon since 1975 1975 https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/bbb1961/39/6/39_6_1219/_article 2007 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17512009 - unspecified marine microbes 2011 http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110328/full/news.2011.191.html - *Enterobacter asburiae* and a *Bacillus sp.* taken from waxworm guts break down polyethylene 2014 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es504038a - unspecified soil bacteria from the Frasier river area break down phthalates which are used in making some plastics - Ted talk 2012 https://www.ted.com/talks/two_young_scientists_break_down_plastics_with_bacteria/transcript?language=en - *Pseudomonas spp* break down LDPE - paper from 2012, but known from at least 2008 2012 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3460136/ - *Phanerochaete chrysosporium*, *Pseudomonas putida*, and *Sphingomonas macrogoltabidus* degrade HDPE 2013 http://jes2s.com/Broshkevitch_et_al.html Fungus: - *Pestalotiopsis microspora* and *Schizophyllum commune* break down PUR plastics and are edible 2011 http://aem.asm.org/content/77/17/6076.full - *Pleurotus ostreatus* breaks down oxo-biodegradable (D2W) plastic *without* pre-treatment 2014 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0069386 There are a bunch more cases, but I think those references are enough to make the point that this is not a unique discovery. I very much hope some of these wind up being able to be used to break down plastics in an industrial capacity, but so far that has eluded us.
323 TheAtomicOption if you have enough of a substrate laying around, eventually something's going to evolve a way to eat it.
659 Sciencetist Do these scientists keep losing it, or something? They seem to "find" this stuff again once every 6 months
37 itsfiguratively It's a shame this stuff also devastates beehives. Solving one problem by creating another.