We're filmmakers working on an AI doc that features developments in the self-driving car industry. Ask us anything!
Helminth therapy, which is the purposeful infection of a patient with parasitic worms that “turn down” the immune response, has shown to help those suffering from allergies, asthma, inflammatory bowel disease, and diabetes. Now, new research in mice suggests that it may also help treat obesity.
When people learn about physiological changes that men experience when they become fathers, such as developing Dad Bods, they see the entire category of fathers in more essentialist terms, like how they already see mothers. They see the category of fathers as more permanent, natural, and meaningful.
For the first time, an team from the University of Basel has succeeded in integrating artificial organelles into the cells of living zebrafish embryos. This innovative approach using artificial organelles as cellular implants offers new potential in treating a range of diseases .
Evidence of exposure of pregnant women to herbicide ingredient - The first birth cohort study of its kind has found more than 90% of a group of pregnant women in Central Indiana had detectable levels of glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup, the most heavily used herbicide worldwide.
Mumps outbreaks linked to waning vaccine protection
Older adults who have slower walking speeds may have increased risk for dementia.
Women who have practiced meditation are more likely to report better sexual functioning and higher levels of sexual desire, according to a new study published in the Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy.
New data show that extreme weather events have become more frequent over the past 36 years, with a significant uptick in floods and other hydrological events compared even with five years ago
Gut bacteria determine speed of tumor growth in pancreatic cancer. The population of bacteria in the pancreas increases more than a thousand fold in patients with pancreatic cancer, and becomes dominated by species that prevent the immune system from attacking tumor cells.
Unique treatment potential of cannabidiol for the prevention of relapse to drug use: New proof of principle study found Cannabidiol (CBD), the major non-psychoactive constituent of Cannabis, prevented drug relapse in rats with alcohol or cocaine self-administration histories.
A new field instrument developed by a collaborative team of CU Boulder researchers can detect and quantify methane leaks as tiny as one-quarter of a human exhalation from nearly a mile away
New paper suggests superradiance, which involves large-scale entangled quantum systems, could explain the emergence of enigmatic fast radio bursts
Synthetic pot linked to several cases of severe bleeding in NE Illinois
Twitter blocklists both fail to adequately protect people from harassment, and also block others unfairly
A critical analysis of the latest cellphone safety scare
Cockroaches are one of the world's most successful pests because they exhibit significant expansion of genes related to chemoreception, detoxification and other environmental adaptation strategies
The LSEV: 3-D printing for automobiles on a bolder scale
Children with attention deficit disorder, autism share cognitive problems. In particular, these certain children struggle with executive function — a set of mental skills that underlie planning, self-control, short-term memory and decision-making
Stress in your early childhood could actually make the brain's DNA remap itself; study could help explain the development of certain neurological disorders
Pre-K Programs Lead to Furthered Education Later in Life: Largest study to date of publicly funded early education program shows a major, sustained educational boost
American adults continue to put on the pounds. New data shows that nearly 40 percent of them were obese in 2015 and 2016, a sharp increase from a decade earlier. Severe obesity is also rising, heightening their risks of developing heart disease, diabetes and various cancers.
A new company from ESA’s UK business incubator has developed an autonomous boat that is propelled by the waves and carries ocean sensors powered by solar energy to monitor the Oceans
Astronomers have used artificial intelligence to identify 6,000 new craters on the Moon. Once trained, the new AI algorithm was able to identify twice as many craters as humans could do manually.
A Neural Circuit for the Suppression of Pain by a Competing Need State
Human stem cell treatment cures alcoholism in rats. Rats that had previously consumed the human equivalent of over one bottle of vodka every day for up to 17 weeks under free choice conditions drank 90% less after being injected with the stem cells.
Great Pacific Garbage Patch is 16 times bigger than previously thought
South Atlantic Anomaly: Study reveals magnetic pole ‘wobble’ has been growing for 1000 years
Berkeley scientists use CRISPR to create yeast that make hop flavors for beer
Oldest DNA from Africa offers clues to ancient cultures
World's Largest Animal Study on Cell Tower Radiation Confirms Cancer Link
Bats can learn prey cues from bats of other species
Very low nitrate levels found in arctic tundra soil, scientists had assumed that plants in this biome do not use nitrate. But a new study co-authored by four Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) Ecosystems Center scientists challenges this notion.
A new class of heat activated proteins found to regulate activity of individual neurons in the brain through changes in temperature. These tools will advance fundamental brain research and potentially lead to “deep brain stimulation” treatments used for Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s patients.
fMRI during Transcendental Meditation shows contradictory pattern of increased alertness and decreased arousal
Scientists witness first reported case of killer-whale infanticide
New research shows how “clickbait” caught on in the modern newsroom and how data metrics have changed journalism. The study by Stanford University in the American Journal of Sociology examines how metrics shape newsroom dynamics in the United States and France.
Four in 10 cancer cases in the UK could be prevented by lifestyle changes. Actions like drinking less alcohol and keeping weight down could help prevent 2,500 cases a week, figures show.
Non-psychoactive cannabis ingredient could help addicts stay clean - "Preclinical study using rats shows that Cannabidiol can reduce the risk of relapse"
People on antidepressant medication tend to also report experiencing emotional bluntness, a condition known as alexithymia, according to a preliminary study published in the journal Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology.
Effect of Tai chi versus aerobic exercise for fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial found that Tai chi mind-body treatment results in similar or greater improvement in symptoms than aerobic exercise for a variety of outcomes for patients with fibromyalgia.
260 SigaVa This seems somewhat tautological. It sounds like it's saying "Some genetic traits make people more suitable to social relationships, and those people are more likely to be in social relationships". Well, yeah.
36 mvea The post title is cut and paste from the first paragraph of the linked academic press release here : > Did humans domesticate themselves? > Human ‘self-domestication’ is a hypothesis that states that among the driving forces of human evolution, humans selected their companions depending on who had a more pro-social behavior. Researchers from a team of the UB led by Cedric Boeckx, ICREA professor at the Department of Catalan Philology and General Linguistics and member of the Institute of Complex Systems of the University of Barcelona (UBICS), found out new genetic evidence for this evolutionary process. Journal Reference: Constantina Theofanopoulou, Simone Gastaldon, Thomas O’Rourke, Bridget D. Samuels, Angela Messner, Pedro Tiago Martins, Francesco Delogu, Saleh Alamri, Cedric Boeckx. Self-domestication in Homo sapiens: Insights from comparative genomics. PLOS ONE, 2017; 12 (10): e0185306 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0185306 Link: Abstract > This study identifies and analyzes statistically significant overlaps between selective sweep screens in anatomically modern humans and several domesticated species. The results obtained suggest that (paleo-)genomic data can be exploited to complement the fossil record and support the idea of self-domestication in Homo sapiens, a process that likely intensified as our species populated its niche. Our analysis lends support to attempts to capture the “domestication syndrome” in terms of alterations to certain signaling pathways and cell lineages, such as the neural crest.
14 dw_jb This is super interesting. Can someone who knows more about this explain further?
6 gautampk I'd be interested to know what research has been done into the converse of this. It seems straightforward that individuals who are more social are more likely to pass on their genes and therefore over time any species will become more social. However, there are plenty of instances where this doesn't happen, so there must be some evolutionary pressure that penalises more social individuals. Maybe those in groups are more vulnerable to predators and so sometimes it's only possible for apex species to develop this trait?
4 ericdevice I’m interested in the modern version of this, specifically about addiction. Addiction is genetic and two people who have exacerbated the condition by “falling into the honey pot” who procreate have a much higher chance of passing the gene on. It’s not advantageous to do this obviously as addicts more often than not are at a disadvantage but it’s very common during active addiction and even in sobriety amongst groups of like minded sober people there’s reproduction. Are addicts growing in numbers? How fast is the growth rate and how can it be stopped?
1 flercemel0n Our social structure tends to isolate and/or remove organisms that exhibit behaviors that are not "social." this would seem the natural eventual end point for any social animal that excludes those with antisocial traits. Obviously removing the genes altogether or limiting the opportunity to reproduce is going to diminish its presence within the population.