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Mumps outbreaks linked to waning vaccine protection
New data show that extreme weather events have become more frequent over the past 36 years, with a significant uptick in floods and other hydrological events compared even with five years ago
even with income, education, and other correlates controlled, intelligent people drink more alcohol.
Gut bacteria determine speed of tumor growth in pancreatic cancer. The population of bacteria in the pancreas increases more than a thousand fold in patients with pancreatic cancer, and becomes dominated by species that prevent the immune system from attacking tumor cells.
Children with attention deficit disorder, autism share cognitive problems. In particular, these certain children struggle with executive function — a set of mental skills that underlie planning, self-control, short-term memory and decision-making
American adults continue to put on the pounds. New data shows that nearly 40 percent of them were obese in 2015 and 2016, a sharp increase from a decade earlier. Severe obesity is also rising, heightening their risks of developing heart disease, diabetes and various cancers.
Human stem cell treatment cures alcoholism in rats. Rats that had previously consumed the human equivalent of over one bottle of vodka every day for up to 17 weeks under free choice conditions drank 90% less after being injected with the stem cells.
Great Pacific Garbage Patch is 16 times bigger than previously thought
Astronomers have used artificial intelligence to identify 6,000 new craters on the Moon. Once trained, the new AI algorithm was able to identify twice as many craters as humans could do manually.
World's Largest Animal Study on Cell Tower Radiation Confirms Cancer Link
Evidence of exposure of pregnant women to herbicide ingredient - The first birth cohort study of its kind has found more than 90% of a group of pregnant women in Central Indiana had detectable levels of glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup, the most heavily used herbicide worldwide.
Berkeley scientists use CRISPR to create yeast that make hop flavors for beer
South Atlantic Anomaly: Study reveals magnetic pole ‘wobble’ has been growing for 1000 years
New research shows how “clickbait” caught on in the modern newsroom and how data metrics have changed journalism. The study by Stanford University in the American Journal of Sociology examines how metrics shape newsroom dynamics in the United States and France.
People on antidepressant medication tend to also report experiencing emotional bluntness, a condition known as alexithymia, according to a preliminary study published in the journal Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology.
Scientists witness first reported case of killer-whale infanticide
A new class of heat activated proteins found to regulate activity of individual neurons in the brain through changes in temperature. These tools will advance fundamental brain research and potentially lead to “deep brain stimulation” treatments used for Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s patients.
Non-psychoactive cannabis ingredient could help addicts stay clean - "Preclinical study using rats shows that Cannabidiol can reduce the risk of relapse"
Effect of Tai chi versus aerobic exercise for fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial found that Tai chi mind-body treatment results in similar or greater improvement in symptoms than aerobic exercise for a variety of outcomes for patients with fibromyalgia.
Stress in your early childhood could actually make the brain's DNA remap itself; study could help explain the development of certain neurological disorders
Bats can learn prey cues from bats of other species
Four in 10 cancer cases in the UK could be prevented by lifestyle changes. Actions like drinking less alcohol and keeping weight down could help prevent 2,500 cases a week, figures show.
With its wobbly chemistry, it seems HOIPs shouldn't have semiconducting properties, but now tests show these are robust; HOIPs could become practical paint-on semiconductors
In the United States last year, there were 9,093 cases of tuberculosis, a slight decrease from 2016
Carbon nanotubes found to induce mesothelioma in mice at a similar rate to asbestos fibers.
Pre-K Programs Lead to Furthered Education Later in Life: Largest study to date of publicly funded early education program shows a major, sustained educational boost
Reduced-?calorie diet shows signs of slowing ageing in people
World's largest animal study on Cell Tower radiation confirms Cancer link
New study finds reducing carbon emissions could save as many as 153 millions of lives
Cell-free protein synthesis from genomically recoded bacteria enables multisite incorporation of noncanonical amino acids
SpaceX Rocket Launch Created Shock Wave 4 Times Larger Than California
High GPA could work against young women job hunters
Earwig wings inspire scientists working on foldable device designs - Scientists say the lessons learned from the folding and unfolding of the insects wings could improve the design of satellites, space probes, electronics, and more.
Biophysicists have imaged the moment a photon sparks the first energy conversion steps of photosynthesis.
Video of mating deep-sea anglerfish stuns biologists
Plasmodium dihydrofolate reductase is a second enzyme target for the antimalarial action of triclosan
SpdC, a novel virulence factor, controls histidine kinase activity in Staphylococcus aureus
China claims 'quantum leap' in understanding fetal development
A new study shows that ‘weak’ types of plant fungi which cannot cause disease in resistant plants do have sex, allowing maintenance of their genes in populations. This means that the ‘strong’ types which can kill resistant plants not rapidly dominate, extending the longevity of resistant varieties.
cost of soil erosion in Europe
8 skipperdog **Lateral Habenula** *The new studies rely on the work of a number of other labs, which have identified a specific structure deep in the brain that's associated with depression. Called the lateral habenula, it's been associated with a variety of activities, the most relevant of which seems to be the processing of unpleasant outcomes and punishment. Electrodes implanted there have been used to relieve depression in at least one instance.* **Ion flow** *The most interesting result to come out of this was a protein that controls the flow of ions between a cell and its environment. That's not much of a surprise, given that nerve impulses are driven by the exchange of ions across a nerve cell's membrane. But the protein identified here isn't made by nerve cells. Instead, it's made by a type of cell called an astrocyte.* *In the case of depression, it doesn't seem that direct signaling is involved. Instead, it's involved in the process of resetting the nerve cell after an impulse, which requires gathering back all the ions that flowed out of the cell during the impulse. By changing the amount of potassium available to the nerve cell, the protein identified by this team alters the ease with which a nerve cell can fire again. By increasing the dose of this gene, the researchers were able to induce depression-like symptoms in mice; knocking the gene down reduced their ability to induce depressive behavior.*
2 swordgeek I'm curious how this ties into studies about hallucinogens' long-term disruption of depression.