Science AMA Series: I’m Siobhán Cooke, paleontologist, professor and adventurer looking for fossil clues to inform how we preserve the future. AMA!
Science AMA Series: I spent the last year investigating the potential of carbon-capture technology (or “clean coal”) to mitigate climate change. Ask me anything!
Cockroaches change their gait at mid-speed, a behavior previously only observed in fast mammals. This change in gait is similar to the way horses change from trot to gallop. The discovery could help engineers train robots to walk more stably and efficiently.
Evidence of "tipping point" in population vaccinating behavior detected in twitter and google search data 2 years prior to 2015 Disneyland measles outbreak. Methods may help anticipate future episodes of widespread vaccine refusal.
A new study shows that dogs are smarter than cats, with dogs' brains having as many as twice as many neurons as cats' brains despite being smaller
A team has figured out a way to encode more than one holographic image in a single surface without any loss of resolution. The engineering feat overturns a long-held assumption that a single surface could only project a single image regardless of the angle of illumination
Civilians account for more than 70% of total deaths since the Syrian Civil War began in 2011. In 2016, children made up 23% of total civilian deaths.
Social phobia linked to autism and schizophrenia. Research found the areas of the brain that show increased response when exposed to unexpected speech sounds or ‘phonemes’ are associated with the processing of social information and linked with spectrum conditions such as autism or schizophrenia.
3200 years ago empires and societies throughout the entire eastern Mediterranean completely collapsed, all complex politico-economic structures were abolished, and cities & towns were abandoned. A newly published hieroglyphic decipher tells of an invasion of a great mysterious army- The Sea Peoples.
Tasmanian tigers suffered from limited genetic diversity long before they were hunted to extinction, a study of DNA has found. It showed the species, alive until 1936, would have struggled to survive even without human contact.
Holography-based 3D printing produces objects in seconds instead of hours. Three beams of light carefully patterned to only intersect with each other produce a constructive interference in the exact points that need to solidify. Once that pattern is set, it only takes seconds to solidify the resin
A single plastic carrier bag could be shredded by marine organisms into around 1.75 million microscopic fragments, according to new research. Researchers believe this is an example of marine wildlife actually contributing to the spread of microplastics within the marine environment.
Pornography might cultivate progressive attitudes among the religious: study
Effect of oil palm sustainability certification on deforestation and fire in Indonesia
Climate Change Could Take the Air Out of Wind Farms - Data indicate changing weather patterns will cause an 8 to 10% drop in wind across much of the Northern hemisphere by 2050, with a 14 to 18% drop by the end of the century.
Women in Highly Polluted Region Had More Miscarriages, Premature Births and Stillbirths, Study Finds
An international team of scientists have confirmed the discovery of a major cause of dementia, with important implications for possible treatment and diagnosis.Dementia results in a progressive and irreversible loss of nerve cells and brain functioning
About 15 million Americans will have either Alzheimer’s dementia or mild cognitive impairment by 2060, up from approximately 6.08 million this year, according to a new study
For baby’s brain to benefit, read the right books at the right time - New research in journal Child Development suggests that very young infants are able to use labels to learn about the world and that shared book reading is an effective tool for supporting development in the first year of life.
Canadian doctor says there's evidence the 'man flu' is actually real
Marine biologists propose candidate for missing ingredient in biblical incense.
Scientists finally know why meteors explode just before hitting Earth
Men having older brothers more likely to be gay, says study. Y-linked protein gets into the bloodstream of some women when they are pregnant with a boy and their bodies create antibodies. When they become pregnant with another boy, the antibodies cross the placenta and enter the fetus’ brain.
Science Discussion: Net Neutrality
Race to Decode Coral DNA to Save World’s Reefs From Extinction
Sex determination of human remains from peptides in tooth enamel
Understanding future emissions from low-carbon power systems by integration of life-cycle assessment and integrated energy modelling - Nature
Stable quantum bits: Physicists have created a stable quantum gate as a basic element for the quantum computer
In two new clinical trials, CAR T cells were shown to be extremely effective against lymphoma. More than 50% of patients had a "complete response."
Study published in PNAS presents data showing that the size of a society’s population is what drives the size of its “war group,” or number of people of fighting age who defend it. They also show that the size of the war group is what determines the number of casualties in a conflict.
Global review of marine turtle entanglement by Uni of Exeter. Open access article.
Cannabis, alcohol and fatal road accidents
Yeast can be engineered to create protein pharmaceuticals - Scientists finally succeeded in mapping out the complex metabolism of yeast cells. The breakthrough means a huge step forward in the potential to more efficiently produce protein therapies for diseases such as cancer.
Presenting facts as ‘consensus’ bridges conservative-liberal divide over climate change. New evidence shows that ‘social fact’ highlighting expert consensus shifts perceptions across US political spectrum – particularly among highly educated conservatives, as reported in Nature Human Behaviour.
E-Cig Use Increases Risk of Beginning Tobacco Cigarette Use in Young Adults: Young adults who use electronic cigarettes are more than four times as likely to begin smoking tobacco cigarettes within 18 months as their peers who do not vape, according to new University of Pittsburgh research.
Industrial Revolution left a damaging psychological ‘imprint’ on today’s populations. Study finds people in areas historically reliant on coal-based industries have more ‘negative’ personality traits. Psychologists suggest this cognitive die may well have been cast at the dawn of the industrial age.
The Future of Particle Physics is "Open"
Nuclear energy programs do not increase likelihood of proliferation, Dartmouth study finds
Study on mice discovers a two-way link between traumatic brain injuries (TBI) and intestinal changes that may contribute to increased infections in patients, and could also worsen chronic brain damage.
Genome of the Tasmanian tiger provides insights into the evolution and demography of an extinct marsupial carnivore
Air penetration enhances fragmentation of entering meteoroids[Using computer simulations, the data revealed that it wasn’t necessarily the friction of the upper atmosphere the caused the explosion, but rather the pressure difference between the air in front of the rock and the air behind it.]
Conversion of quantum information between platforms - Nature
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38 Qubeye Even in politics, a null hypothesis will really help you from forming biased opinions, and I don't think enough people take that into account. "X probably has zero effect on the outcome. Now, let's test that theory." The Netherlands did that with traffic circles, then came up with data proving traffic circles were extremely good at reducing accidents, especially fatal ones, and then took political action, and it worked.
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8 HumanistRuth >It’s also possible to influence others in a positive direction, he said, by sharing evidence in a calm, respectful manner when faced with misperceptions.
23 cassidy498 Here's the PLOS ONE article from researcher Kelly Garrett:
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11 DarylMoore I made a conscious decision about fifteen years ago to rid myself of my opinions and instead draw conclusions. To draw conclusions, I have to examine evidence, both supporting and contrary. It has changed my life considerably, and I am happier, easier to be around, and much more relaxed about everything. I still have my opinions and biases, but I'm now more likely to notice them and cause myself to stop and evaluate where the opinion and bias comes from. Sometimes, my conclusion runs contrary to the prior opinion. It does bother me a tad when people I care about have passionate opinions when I know that they haven't seriously considered why they have them, but the change in me just lets it go. I don't try to change other peoples' opinions any more. If they want to know my position on a matter, I state it and explain how I drew that conclusion. If the evidence I provide affects them in any way, that's their business, not mine.