I am not a scientist and didn't understand much but to me it read like temperature is extrapolated from the fact there are certain rocks under the crater that are formed from the extreme heat.
What about if the rocks were already a part of the meteor and that is all that survived because of it's temperature tolerance?
Can someone please eli5 and destroy my suggestion whilst they are at it?
Very misleading headline. The temperature wasn't "recorded" -- it was inferred. And it wasn't really the temperature of a "place" -- more like the temperature of a thing or an event.
Umm, a nuclear explosion can reach 100,000,000^o C granted it's for a tiny fraction of a second.
Pretty sure we've had those on the surface of the earth a few times.
So, really, we just know it was *at least* 2370°, but it could have been hotter, right?
It seems like they should define 'surface' as well. How deep into the crust qualifies?