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I’m Francis Collins, Director of the National Institutes of Health. As we celebrate the 15th anniversary of the completion of the Human Genome Project, I’m here to talk about its history and the critical role it has played in precision medicine. Ask me anything!
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Sometimes called “wear and tear” arthritis, osteoarthritis in people who are obese was long assumed to simply be a consequence of undue stress on joints. But researchers provide the first evidence that bacteria in the gut – governed by diet – could be the key driving force behind osteoarthritis.
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A tooth-mounted sensor can track when patients consume glucose, salt, and alcohol. The 2-mm-by-2-mm device can then send data to smartphones and the like, according to a new study from Tufts.
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A rare mutation among the Bajau people lets them stay underwater longer: natural selection at the PDE10A gene has increased spleen size in the Bajau, providing them with a larger reservoir of oxygenated red blood cells.
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Researchers have characterized a complex, little-understood receptor type that, when activated, shuts off hunger. The findings may open up opportunities to fight obesity at the cellular level.
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Half the Coral in the Great Barrier Reef Has Died Since 2016 (paper sourced in article)
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By passively monitoring user-generated data from medical cannabis patients, researchers have glimpsed the types and amounts of marijuana that seem effective for relieving symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression, as reported in the Journal of Affective Disorders.
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A macque study finds a potential non-hormonal, fully reversible, and short-lived pharmacological male contraceptive that works through inhibition of sperm motility
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A new study has confirmed that Hans Asperger, the Austrian pediatrician for whom a form of autism is named, collaborated with the Nazis and actively assisted in the killing of disabled children
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In preclinical tests, researchers showed how a new compound can immobilize sperm temporarily without side effects
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Associations of Prenatal and Child Sugar Intake With Child Cognition
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A prototype early warning system for the four most common types of cancer makes a visible mole appear on the skin when calcium levels indicate a tumor has developed.
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An unprecedented wave of large-mammal extinctions is linked to prehistoric humans. Homo sapiens, Neanderthals and other recent human relatives hunted large mammal species to extinction. The magnitude and scale of the extinction wave surpasses any other recorded during the last 66 million years.
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Scientists discover mechanism behind motor neurone disease
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Acupuncture eases drug addiction withdrawal symptoms by activating peripheral nervous system, which stimulates neurons that restore dopamine levels.
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Scores of plant species are capable of living dormant under the soil for up to 20 years, enabling them to survive through difficult times
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Doctors who prescribe homeopathy ignore other medical guidelines, finds new study which looked at all the 7618 primary care practices in England.
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Scientist Can Now Stretch and Deform Diamonds
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Multistate Outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 Infections Linked to Romaine Lettuce
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MIT engineers have developed a continuous manufacturing process that produces long strips of high-quality graphene. The team’s results are the first demonstration of an industrial, scalable method for manufacturing high-quality graphene.
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Study: GMO Food Labels Could Burden Low-Income Consumers
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New drug uses antibodies to stop chronic migraines by blocking the neural pathway that sends pain signals to the brain during a migraine. Phase III trials on about 1,000 subjects are complete now and there are already plans for it to be approved by the FDA.
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Due to climate change the niche of giant trees is projected to increase by ~4 million km2 globally - "Our results imply that strategic management could in principle facilitate the expansion of giant forests, securing critically endangered biodiversity as well as carbon storage."
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New microscope creates 3D movies of cells in living organisms. "It's like Star Trek" say Harvard researchers.
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Molecular Evolution at a Meiosis Gene Mediates Species Differences in the Rate and Patterning of Recombination
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A common belief is that good-looking people also earn more money. But a new study turns this theory on its head. Researchers have found that people who are "very unattractive" may be the biggest earners, based on data from a study of 20,000 young Americans.
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Faster walking heart patients are hospitalized less
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Alzheimer’s Disease Starts in Childhood, with Symptoms Found in Babies Less Than a Year Old study in Metropolitan Mexico City finds . APOE4 carriers have higher suicide risk and higher odds of reaching NFT stage V at ? 40 years of age
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Scientists Discover How to Bend and Stretch Diamonds—the Hardest Natural Material
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Oil spills could be soaked up by a new floating substance that combines waste from the petroleum industry and cooking oil. The new polymer acted like a sponge to remove crude oil and diesel from seawater. The polymer can be squeezed to remove the oil and then reused.
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Superionic ice has been created in the lab for the first time. The ultra-conductive version of ice, which accounts for 60% of Uranus and Neptune, was formed by compressing ice to 25,000 times the atmospheric pressure felt at sea level. The resulting ice was sixty times denser than regular water.
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Cold Temp Exposure Causes Epigenetic Changes in Fat Cells
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Researchers found that simply being told that a performer is a professional or a student changes the way the brain responds to music. They also found that overcoming this bias took a deliberate effort.
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Americans waste 150,000 tons of food each day – equal to a pound per person. USDA research shows people with healthy diets rich in fruit and vegetables are the most wasteful.
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Male fruit flies enjoy ejaculation. Fly brains showed increased signs of a rewarding experience after ejaculating, even with no females present.
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In an example of recent human evolution, scientists find free divers from Southeast Asia evolved bigger spleens, thought to give them greater endurance when holding their breaths.
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Bold and Aggressive Behavior Means Birds Thrive in Cities
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Mars' tiny moons (Phobos and Deimos) formed after proto-Mars collided with a dwarf-planet-sized object, finds new study.
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A stunning cure for one of the world's most devastating blood diseases: A pioneering gene therapy vanquishes beta thalassemia in a pivotal clinical trial.
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Machine Learning algorithm can predict evolution of chaotic models without knowing the equations. This may improve weather prediction some day.
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1225 zyl0x A lot of self-selection would be involved in a study like this. Is it possible the people who are happier working longer hours for themselves are more likely to be self-employed? Generally speaking, it takes a certain kind of person to become an entrepreneur. There are people who don't even want to work for themselves. I'm not too sure about the accuracy of this statement.
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1100 Jewnadian This is kind of self selection in play here. Since having a job is the default, if you aren't happier being self employed then you simply stop being self employed and go back to having a job.
238 icarus-_-sky It should read "self employed people are happier and more engaged *when their business is actually providing a living for them. Other study shows only 18% of self-employed entrepreneurs stay self-employed for over 5 years."* Emphasis mine. This is like saying " people that don't get in car accidents are much less likely to die in a car crash."
47 deanmass If the U.S.A. had national health care, there would be an explosion in self employment. People stay in jobs and careers they hate to maintain insurance.
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