Score
Title
25111
TIL that some guy attempted to beat a world record by playing QBert for 100 hours straight on a single coin... His attempt failed because a thunderstorm shorted out the game after 56.5 hours of continuous game play!
4976
TIL, Disneyland's Jungle Cruise is now a self sustaining ecosystem and requires very little landscaping
2150
TIL cardinal birds are romantic; they mate for life, travel together, sing before nesting, and during courtship, the male feeds seed to the female beak-to-beak.
47046
TIL that Brad Pitt once tried to buy himself out of the movie ‘Interview with the Vampire’. Upon hearing about the 40M$ exit clause, he shot the movie. It went on to receive 2 Oscar nominations and launched Kirsten Dunst’s career
5371
TIL an Ox is just a Bull that's made to work as a draught animal and is not a separate species.
1229
TIL that April 11, 1954 is considered the most boring day in history with no significant births or deaths occurring on that day.
2493
TIL There's very little proof that vitamin C actually has any effect on preventing or treating the common cold, although after reviewing 60 years of clinical research it was found that when taken daily, vitamin C very slightly shortens cold duration, by 8% in adults and 14% in children.
438
TIL when hedge fund manager Eddie Lambert merged Sears and Kmart into one company he was hailed as the next Warren Buffett, capable of turning around struggling businesses. Today he is blamed for running Sears and Kmart into the ground
1391
TIL that Henry Ford's wife Clara drove an electric car and refused to drive the Ford Model T.
1758
TIL that Phenylephrine, the drug commonly found in many cold and flu medications as a replacement for pseudoephedrine, is no better than a placebo in helping sinus congestion.
11275
TIL Walmart stocks up on strawberry Poptarts before a hurricane as it is a more popular prep item than bottled water.
893
TIL Napoleon's brother Joseph Bonaparte, onetime King of Spain, abdicated the Spanish throne and fled to southern New Jersey, where he claimed to encounter the mythical Jersey Devil while hunting alone in the woods
28730
TIL that Korean Broadcasting Law prevents commercials to be run mid-show. Rather than having multiple short commercial break to be run throughout the course of a program, the entirety of the show is played continuously and is followed by a longer commercial break period.
386
TIL that the Ivory Billed Woodpecker has been believed to be extinct since the early 1900's. In 1932, however, in an attempt to refute these claims, a Louisiana state legislator and an attorney shot and killed one of the last of the birds and brought the remains to their local wildlife office.
320
TIL Cyrano de Bergerac, Badass in the 1600s, wrote about using rocket power to get to the Moon and talking earrings (headphones) used to educate children.
59529
TIL Keanu Reeves was sued by a woman who suggested that he used hypnosis and impersonated her ex-husband to impregnate her. She sought $3 million in spousal support from the actor, and $150,000/month, retroactively, in child support. DNA test proved he was not the father and the suit was thrown out.
152
TIL M&M's were first made in 1941 during WWII and were sold exclusively to the military as an easy way to provide the troops with chocolate on the battlefield without it melting so easily. After the war, many troops were hooked on the candy and in 1946, the candies became available for civilians.
660
TIL Baby Carrots were invented to prevent waste. In 1986, a Packing Plant owner in California came up with the baby carrot as a way of not wasting misshapen carrots. They became an instant hit.
1253
TIL that the Nintendo's classic arcade game "Donkey Kong" (1981) is so hard that in 2007, only 2 people were known to have completed it. Today, that number is still under 100.
126
TIL according to the protocols of the Post Detection Policy, once an extraterrestrial civilization has been detected or identified, no single individual state or entity is to make contact. Communications must be voted on and presented on behalf of the entire human species as a unit.
967
TIL San Diego hired a rainmaker to fix its drought in 1916. The floods that followed were the most devastating in the city's history.
293
TIL after Winston Churchill was knocked down by a car New York in 1931, his doctor issued a medical note that Churchill’s convalescence “necessitates the use of alcoholic spirits especially at mealtimes,” specifying 250 cc (8 oz) per day as the minimum
1570
TIL Calvin Klein Obsession for Men is used to lure jaguars into camera traps. The cologne contains civetone and vanilla extract, in which the civetone resembles a territorial marking and the vanilla extract sets off a curiosity response.
4958
TIL the voices schizophrenics hear are actually their own subvocal speech. This is why it's so common for schizophrenics to believe their minds are being read.
488
TIL men can develop postpartum depression, and it is linked to lower levels of testosterone after the birth of a baby
325
TIL that when individuals with a history of depression used a mnemonic strategy called the Method-of-Loci to access self-affirming memories, they benefited from an increased ability to use positive memories in order to offset downturns in mood in their day-to-day life.
3646
TIL The story of mass panic in New York caused by the radio broadcast of The War of The Worlds in 1938 is largely false and was caused by the newspaper industry sensationalizing the story, seeing it as an opportunity to attack the radio as being an untrustworthy source of news.
340
TIL that ergot poisoning, which has effects similar to LSD, is thought to be responsible for both causing the Salem Witch Trials and also influencing a number of Renaissance paintings.
113422
TIL Keanu Reeves often foregoes some of his paycheck so that producers can bring on other notable actors. On The Devil's Advocate, he reduced his salary by a few million dollars so that they could afford Al Pacino, and he did the same thing on The Replacements to be able to work with Gene Hackman.
242
TIL that french women had their heads shaved and were paraded in streets for having relations with German soldiers
79
TIL The 1904 Olympic Marathon included a runner who was poisoned by his trainers, a runner who was chased a mile off-course by dogs and a runner who ate rotten apples, had to lie down for a bit and still finished fourth.
144
TIL France is the most visited country in the world with more than 82.5 million tourists per year
10072
TIL that Charles Joughin, Chief Baker on Titanic, helped passengers board life boats (forcibly boarding those who thought it safer to stay on the ship), drank a 1/2 bottle of liqueur, then threw chairs overboard for use as flotation devices, rode the side of the ship down while it sunk, and survived
53
TIL Salvador Dali avoided paying restaurant tabs by using checks. He would draw on the back as the waiter watched, knowing no one would ever cash the art.
85
TIL that the iconic gold uniform that Captain Kirk wears in Star Trek, the Original Series, was actually green but when the studio lights hit the material, it looked yellow. This explains why he is seen wearing a green uniform sometimes, because that uniform is made from a different material.
77
TIL that despite the fact that the US Civil War was causing economic disruption and famine in the cotton-milling region of England, workers there supported the effort to end slavery, and a statue of Lincoln stands there to commemorate their friendship.
92
TIL the phrase "The end justifies the means" is widely attributed to Machiavelli’s The Prince, which does reflect this philosophy but does not use the phrase in this wording. A possible source is Ovid’s Heroides (ca. 10 BC), which says Exitus acta probat (“The result justifies the deeds”).
198
TIL Kamehameha (Goku's signature ability in Dragon Ball) is named after the founder and first ruler of Hawaii, Kamehameha the Great.
97
TIL that Quaker Oats was a third party developer for the Atari 2600
94
TIL the WFL(World Football League) team "Florida Blazers", had to give players meal vouchers for McDonald's in lieu of payment.
273 Consumer451 >The researchers caution that most medical errors aren't due to inherently bad doctors, and that reporting these errors shouldn't be addressed by punishment or legal action. Rather, they say, **most errors represent systemic problems, including poorly coordinated care, fragmented insurance networks, the absence or underuse of safety nets, and other protocols, in addition to unwarranted variation in physician practice patterns that lack accountability**. correction: as u/redheadedwoodpecker pointed out - *Actually, the article says it's third behind cardiac and cancer, and ahead of respiratory, which is fourth*
51 swimfast58 I'm currently involved in a study on medical errors (particularly prescribing errors) as part of my MD. I would take this result with a gigantic grain if salt. There are dozens of articles which try to inflate the number of errors and their impacts, usually through creative definitions. In this study, the definition essentially included any situation where results differ from the clinical plan. Outside of palliative care, death is very rarely part of the clinical plan so that could include just about every death in hospital as a medical error. The type of research they're doing is important (that's why I'm doing it!) but only if it's used to improve systems which prevent or catch errors. Fearmongering like this is just a cheap way to get references to your paper.
97 whatIsThisBullCrap Note that medical error does not mean the doctors actually made an error. It could also mean an issue with diagnosis or incomplete information. If a patient didn't know they were allergic to a certain medication and end up dying because they were prescribed it, this is a medical error and yet everyone did everything perfectly right; there was just no way to know that this patient would react poorly to medication that normally works perfectly.
26 scutbutt It's interesting to read this thread. Doctors often try to remember that many people coming to the hospital - especially the emergency department, where I work - are having the worst day of their life to date. And the frustration expressed in many experiences recounted here is understandable. I think there are two things to keep in mind: first, that a "medical error" in this context is not saying that the patient would not have died anyway as the ultimate outcome of their illness, but rather that preventable errors in their care - including errors of omission - can be identified as precipitating factors in how they died. So, if someone had an infection but failed to get an appropriate antibiotic within the timeframe that is standard of care, their death could be attributed to medical error. The patient still might have died even if given the antibiotic, especially if they had other complications - but we can't know. And no matter what caused the delay, it doesn't change this label. Second, errors do happen, and they're common. It's scary. However, just because the story changes during the course of your treatment - you were told one diagnosis, and then another by a different doctor, for example - does not mean you experienced one. It's vital that we revisit what we've learned both from tests and the patient's response to therapy, but when it's busy we don't always communicate our logic well. It can be infuriating to experience - *why didn't the first doctor say it could just be a muscle spasm? I've been here for hours, and they're not even going to do anything! And didn't the nurse say I was supposed to get an MRI?* - and it's a bummer to have that be what you remember about your visit or appointment. That doesn't mean it's unreasonable. Many diseases have little or no objective data that define them. Many diagnoses are diagnoses of exclusion, meaning we have to rule out a bunch of other stuff before it can be applied. Maybe you were only supposed to get an MRI if your blood test was positive, but a lot of information was thrown at you and you didn't catch that. You can leave saying you got bad treatment and that's fair - good patient communication is something we aspire to. But in most cases, that failure to communicate was the only error, and everything else behind the scenes was within standard of care.
39 redheadedwoodpecker Actually, the article says it's third behind cardiac and cancer, and ahead of respiratory, which is fourth.
98 kacmandoth When there are thousands of possible diagnoses and an incorrect one without the proper tests leads to death within several hours. And you also have the public breathing down your neck about wasteful tests driving up healthcare costs. Do you want affordable healthcare, or do you want $50,000 in tests for every person entering the emergency room.
15 onacloverifalive What these types of articles fail to consider is that people are supposed to die. The error in most cases is continuing futile efforts for the sake of profit on the provider part or poor understanding and naivete on the patient or surrogate's or everyone's part, rather than appropriately transitioning the patient to hospice and palliation. These studies classify any action that does not result in the perpetual immortality of a person as an error. People don't just die of one thing, even with heart disease and cancer. Even those conditions are frequently survivable without intervention. Almost everyone has basal cell and thyroid carcinoma and tons of others at some point and doesn't die. You scratch it off with a fingernail, maybe your immune system knocks it down. People die only when their overall health has over the course of their life of permissive abuses and neglects of self accumulated to a point when the body fails to recover from insult. You die when so much of you is diseased that the disease becomes you and your ability to maintain homeostasis fails. Sometimes with heroic efforts you can be coaxed back to stability tempprarily until the next insult. Sometimes not. The sicker you get, the more thousands of things go awry. A really sick patient with a prolonged inpatient course can be discharged with hundreds of active diagnoses. The current coding system ICD-10 codes for over 68,000 unique disease states. At some point the dysregulation proceeds where with even unlimited resources for diagnostic and therapeutic interventions, it is impossible even to diagnose let alone treat the ever expanding cascade of illness. At that point, failing to identify and correct a problem isn't an error, it's an inevitability. And this is what most people die from, because their doctors are naive and think they can fix most things regardless of the circumstance. They can't, but they can get paid for trying, and if you insist that they do, they will. And familys over 95% of the time in my humble experience insist upon it. It takes a wise sage of a treating physician to guide them with confidence to palliation and comfort which pays him or her nothing rather than the highly profitable torture and expense of futile treatment. Medicine has let the world of business creep in on every level, and you should expect treatment decisions to be increasingly in line with profitability by and large. When I am consulted on a patient that has had a protracted course of decline in function, failure to thrive, accumulation of morbidity and disability, even if they have a problem that is correctable with interventions, the family and I have a discussion about whether what we would be doing is just prolonging the inevitable. Sometimes family memebrs need to travel from afar to pay their respects, atone for fallings out, or come to terms. Sometimes then we will expend the resources for the wellbeing of the surviving family. Other times we transition the patient to hospice care which is by far the best and least expensive end to life.
72 516584354687 I've been a healthcare worker for several years now. Let me tell you why I think this is a problem with no signs of improvement. Over the past decade or so and on into the future the healthcare industry is being consolidated into fewer businesses. Many claim to be nonprofit organizations, and may be on paper, but believe me they are very much for the profit of an elite few. Think of it like the food industry, there is now a McDonalds EVERYWHERE, they are huge, yet their food is shit. You may eat there, sure but their food is shit. Fast food is designed to squeeze every penny out of the business. The fast food industry works this way to get profit at the least expense, this includes staff, safety, quality. Everyone knows the joke that the box of tissues was the cheapest the hospital could find and they will charge you as much as they can for it. **The worst of all is the staffing.** They cram so many patients into the least amount of staff, because this is the biggest expense to a healthcare company, the staff. So you have nurses and doctors taking care of more patients than they can keep track of. **It is like someone trying to boil 100 pots of soup at a time, stirring in ingredients with every pot with the lid on tight and trying to keep them all from boiling over.** This is healthcare. Pots boil over all the time because staff are just spread way too thin to save money on staffing. As the healthcare industry continues to get consolidated into fewer and fewer organizations (corporations) this problem will remain and may get worse. Because you're reddit I know most of you have seen fight club and the story about the choice of a recall as cost equation instead of a life saving measure. This is what healthcare is becoming, and let that really sink in. I currently work for one where my workflow is so high that it is literally impossible to perform all of the duties I have. The critical thinking that everyone always hears about in healthcare is most applied to **which corners can be most safely cut** without endangering my patients because to provide every single measure of care and fulfill all of my duties just isn't possible. My coworkers and I are constantly lectured because we don't clean beds fast enough, or turnover patients fast enough or don't get patients to radiology fast enough. Most of the time this is by a boss that is forced to scold us for failing to perform responsibilities that he or she even knows aren't all possible but their superiors make them pressure us anyways. Frankly I'm a bit scared to see which of the many things I've seen is the thing that takes my life one day. Mostly I'm mortified about the care that I will receive when that time actually comes. Go ahead and downvote me for being grandiose or embellishing, or saying the insurance companies are the problem (and they are one of many diseases of healthcare). I'm not telling you all this for the internet points, I just really want change because I got into the field to help people and it is a depressing state things are in.
17 MoobyTheGoldenSock I take issue with the language of the article in claiming medical errors are a major cause of death. If a patient is having a heat attack and it is misdiagnosed as heart burn and the patient dies, medical error did not kill the patient. The heart attack did. Proper medical intervention may have changed the outcome, but failure to provide it was not the cause of death. Medical error should only be listed as the cause of death if a medical decision directly kills the patient. Such as a surgeon accidentally slicing an artery or a nurse administering a massive dose of the wrong medication. Conflating the two to inflate numbers is asinine, does no one any real favors, and muddles the discussion about how to properly address medical error.
6 D74248 This could have been written by [Captain Hindsight.](https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gdbjw27QPJQ)
59 C1K3 So we have a system that consistently falls short of providing essential care and overcharges for the care that IS provided. In many cases, the only way people can pay for the procedure(s) they need is if they sue someone. Call me crazy, but I think this is the exact opposite of the way it should work.
20 Kingsolomanhere All it takes is one little mistake. My mom started a stroke right in front of me. Couldn't talk or move her left side. At the ER no one came to her room for 10 minutes ( there is a 3 hour window to give tPA which breaks up a clot like Drano for a sink). Turns out when a clerk entered arrival time they accidentally hit the 1 on the keyboard before 2.30; the nurses and doctors thought she arrived at 12.30. Not enough time left to CAT scan to rule out aneurism. I showed my 911 call on the cellphone and within 5 minutes had two doctors and two nurses on it. She got it (tPA) within the 3 hours and within 10 minutes was talking and moving again.